Jacques Copeau

Mark Evans, Professor of Theatre Training and Education at Coventry University, introduces French director and playwright Jacques Copeau. Evans explores Copeau’s vision for a theatre with a sense of social and moral purpose, emphasising the importance of collaboration and community, and examines his unique approach to actor training.
Encyclopedia Entry
(2017)

Jacques Lecoq

Rick Kemp, Professor of Acting and Directing at the Indiana University of Pennsylvania, provides an overview of the life and work of renowned theatre practitioner, Jacques Lecoq. Famous for creating an approach that uses movement analysis, improvisation and collective creation to teach theatre, Lecoq’s work has, and continues to be, recognised and revered globally.
Encyclopedia Entry
(2017)

Joseph Chaikin

Dorinda Hulton, Senior Research Fellow in Drama at Exeter University, provides an introduction to American actor, director, playwright and pedagogue Joseph Chaikin. Hulton considers Chaikin’s interest in ensemble processes, exploring a number of non-naturalistic exercises which he produced with The Open Theater, and details his collaboration with playwrights such as Sam Shepard and Jean-Claude van Itallie.
Encyclopedia Entry
(2018)

Julie Taymor

Marvin Carlson, the Sidney E. Cohn Distinguished Professor of Theatre and Comparative Literature at CUNY, outlines the history, aims and practice of the Tony Award-winning director, Julie Taymor. Detailing her work, including the extremely successful Broadway creation, The Lion King, Carlson affirms Taymor’s position as one of the most innovative American directors of theatre, opera and film.
Encyclopedia Entry
(2017)

John Arden and Margaretta D'Arcy

Robert Leach, Former Reader in Drama and Theatre at the University of Birmingham, introduces John Arden and Margaretta D’Arcy. Leach details their collaboration on a whole host of works considered to be alternative and daring, to the creation of Loose Theatre, which includes various methods and approaches, such as anarchistic discipline, Dionysian guerrilla strategies and collision montage.
Encyclopedia Entry
(2017)

John Boynton Priestley

Ed Madden, Director and Creative Associate at Gate Theatre, outlines the history, aims and methods of English playwright John Boynton (J. B.) Priestley. Madden provides an analysis of Priestley’s works, including the well-known An Inspector Calls, and explores his interest in the way theatre could present concepts of time.
Encyclopedia Entry
(2017)

Jerzy Grotowski

Jerzy Grotowski (1933-1999) is widely considered one of the most important theatrical visionaries of the twentieth century. As director of the Laboratory Theatre in Poland, he became world-famous for creating a new kind of theatrical work that combined new configurations of actor and audience and provocative subject matter with virtuosic ensemble performance.
Encyclopedia Entry
(2017)

Joan Littlewood

Joan Littlewood (1914-2002) ran what was probably Britain’s only genuine modernist avant-garde theatre company, Theatre Workshop, founded in 1945. Littlewood wanted to combine all the arts of performance into a new dramatic form, and to forge an ensemble capable of realizing it. They would be able to present any play so dynamically that even the theatrically-illiterate would respond, and would relate their response to the political situation, to their social identity and history.
Encyclopedia Entry
(2016)